4 ways vehicle speed affects car crashes and injuries

On Behalf of | May 8, 2023 | Motor Vehicle Accidents |

Speeding is a serious problem on our roads and can have devastating consequences. The faster the car travels at the time of an accident, the more likely the occupants will sustain serious injuries or fatalities.

By understanding the impact of speed on car crash injuries, motorists can work to incorporate safer driving habits and reduce the number of motor vehicle accidents.

1. High force of impact

When a car travels at high speeds, the force of impact in a collision is much greater than at lower paces. The science behind speeding follows the laws of physics and includes several factors, including velocity, the car’s weight and kinetic force.

2. Reduced reaction time

The risk of a fatal car crash increases considerably since the heavier the vehicle, the harder it is for the driver to brake. When a driver travels at high speeds, they have less time to react to roadway conditions or the actions of other motorists. Additionally, when a car accident occurs, the high speed reduces the time available for safety systems such as the car’s airbags to deploy. This can further increase the risk of severe injury.

3. Increased severity of injuries

High-speed car crashes also tend to result in more severe injuries. For example, these types of accidents are more likely to cause traumatic brain injuries (TBI) or spinal cord injuries (SCI). These severe injuries can require extensive medical treatment and rehabilitation.

4. Ejection from the vehicle

When a motorist drives at high speeds, the impact force can cause passengers to fly out of the vehicle. This especially happens in rollover accidents where the roof of the car collapses. Ejection from a moving vehicle dramatically increases the risk of severe injury or death.

Knowing the relationship between vehicle speed and injuries can promote roadway safety.